*References: Fluid Dynamics*

**Heinrich, J. C. and R. S. Marshall**
- Viscous Incompressible Flow by a Penalty Fuction Finite Element Method, J. Computers and Fluid, Vol. 9, pp.73-83, 1981

**Fukumori, Eiji and Akio Wake**
- "The Linkage Between Penalty Function Method and Second Viscosity Applied to Navier-Stokes Equations," Computational Mechanics, Vol. 2, pp. 1385-1389, 1991.

**Fukumori, Eiji, Akio Wake**
- "Modeling The Natural Convection in Pure Water Near The Density Extremum," Distributed Parameter Systems: Modelling and Simulation, T. Futagami, S. G. Tzafestas and Y. Sunahara (Editors), Elsevier Science Publishers B. V. (North-Holland), pp. 247-252 , 1989.

**Fukumori, Eiji**
- Modeling The Natural Convection in Pure Water Near The Density Extremum, Doctoral Dissertation, Department of Civil Engineering, State University of New York at Buffalo, 1987.

**Fukumori, Eiji, Akio Wake**
- "The Natural Convection in Pure Water Near The Density Extremum," ASChE Symposium Series, No. 269, Vol.85, pp. 448-453, Heat Transfer-Philadelphia, 1989.

**Fukumori, Eiji, Akio Wake**
- "Modeling The Natural Convection in Pure Water Near The Density Extremum," Proceeding of IMACS/IFAC Internatinal Symposium, Hirishima Institute of Technology, pp. 223-228, Hiroshima, Japan, Octorber 6-9, 1987.

**Liebermann, L. N.**
- "The Second Viscosity of Liquids," Physial Review, Vol. 75, No. 9 , pp. 1415-1422, May 1, 1949.

**Tiaza, L. **
- "Supersonic Absorption and Stokes' Relation," Physial Review, Vol. 61, No. 9, pp. 531-536, April 1 and 15, 1949.
**Truesdell, C.**
- "Appendix. The Stokes relation," pp. 113-115,
*The Mechanical Fundations of Elasticity and Fluid Dynamics*, Gordon and Breach Science Publishsrs, Inc., 1966
**Reiner, M.**
- "The Rheological Aspect of Hydrodynamics,"Q. Appl. Math., Vol. 8, pp. 341-349, 1951
**Reiner, M.**
- "The Coefficient of Viscus Traction,"Amer. J. Math., Vol. 68, pp. 672-680, 1946